Pedophiles can be chemically castrated or executed under tough new laws passed by the Indonesian parliament. Repeat offenders and those who abuse family members face 10 to 20 years jail and courts can also order their chemical castration and tagging with a microchip.
Those who murder their victims or leave them with permanent physical or psychological trauma, or give them a sexually transmitted disease, can be executed.
The harsher penalties were prompted by the shocking rape and murder of 14-year-old girl Yuyun in Sumatra by a gang of 12 men and boys in May.
Her battered body was found three days later in woods, tied up and naked. Seven teenagers, aged 16 and 17, were jailed soon after for their part in the incident.
Indonesia is a hot spot for Western pedophiles, with more than 100 sex criminals caught travelling to the country since 2014 from Australia alone.
Australian man Robert Andrew Fiddes Ellis, who is on trial for the alleged sexual abuse of at least 11 girls between the ages of eight and 17 in Bali, will be spared as the laws are not retroactive. He instead faces 16 years in jail if convicted in the Denpasar District Court next Tuesday.
Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states. The new laws were welcomed by child protection advocates, but doctors and human rights activists have questioned its effectiveness.
This article originally appeared on the Daily Mail.